Bottom-up planning is the philosophy 22@ is using to restructure the urban fabric of Barcelona. It is important because this philosophy is used to create a new infrastructure by getting rid of outdated industrial centers and adding new mixed use spaces to respond to a new era where ICTs and a community supported from within itself will help the urban environment of Barcelona grow from within. By creating city blocks where residences, green zones, and commercial structures coexist as one, 22@ is hoping by using their philosophy to connect the city from the bottom-up while serving Barcelona’s residences, those who are employed, and the urban fabric of the community.
One of the largest cultural events that impacted the restructuring of Barcelona using this bottom-up philosophy was the 1992 Summer Olympics. This external condition impacted the urban layout of the city by completely changing the layout of the city’s response to the shore of the Mediterranean Sea, adding new housing and other structures progressing structural development, and by completely altering modes of transportation as a railroad was removed and new roads including the “ring” as well as more roads developed along the coast. The beginning of the bottom-up philosophy showed a strong connection due to this restructuring as the recently completed Poblenou neighborhood began to connect with the coast.
The methodology of 22@ is broken into three parts when it comes to the restructuring of the city blocks: residential, industrial, and public green zones. When designing a block, their needs to be a certain percentage of each of these categories to create a productive, mixed-use environment. When it comes to the structures, frequently 22@ maintains historical structures and simply renovates them up to their new standards according to the plan of urban renewal. This maintains a historical and social connection to the people that live in those communities while also providing facilities with technology that meets 21st century standards in ICTs and other industrial areas.