1. The bottom-up planning in the 22@ district has been implemented to allow the neighborhoods to maintain their historical value (buildings and elements), while addressing the issues of livability, efficiency, and culture in Barcelona’s new development. This planning is important because it gives the city certain jurisdiction over the uses of the space, but leaves flexibility for developers to make it their own. This planning definitely serves the developer, as they are mostly free to build as they wish. I am hesitant, but inclined to say that this planning also serves the people who will live there as the services, goods, recreation, and culture they need are planned into each city block. I’m hesitant however, because it seems in many places in 22@ that the urban spaces are not being occupied and used the to the degree that older neighborhoods use their urban spaces. It seems the people who live there are not involved in the planning of the neighborhoods.
2. The effort to conserve historical buildings, the maritime culture and orientation towards the sea, and the requirement for 10% open space, 10% services, and 10% protected residential all work together to create conditions that support the identity of the neighborhood.
3. The technology and method used in the 22@ district is to first choose historic buildings that the city wants to save. Then the city publishes the neighborhood “recipes” for the areas they plan to redevelop.